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Wholesale Dyes & Mordants

  • Aluminum Acetate - Alum Acetate - 16 oz - Wholesale
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    Aluminum Acetate or Alum Acetate is a fine white powder that is refined from bauxite and purified using acetic acid to remove impurities. It is primarily used as a mordant for cellulose and bast fibers. 

    Mordant at 5-10% WOF

    Use of a dust mask is highly suggested when working with this mordant.

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  • Aluminum Sulfate - 16 oz - Wholesale
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    Cupid Falls Farm

    Aluminum Sulfate - 16 oz - Wholesale

    $5.55

    Aluminum Sulfate is commonly used as a mordant by Natural dyers of both protein and cellulose fibers. It is used to improve both the lightfastness and washfastness as well as creating bright clear colors. Aluminum Sulfate is technically not an alum although it is commonly referred to as one.
    It is safe when handled  properly and relatively inexpensive. 
    Aluminum sulfate results from the refining of Bauxite which is raw aluminum ore. Sulfuric acid is used during the process to remove most of the impurities such as iron and silica.
    Potassium Alum is created by further purification with potassium. This results in fewer impurities, especially iron and results in brighter colors. Potassium alum is more expensive but preferred by many natural dyers. 
    • Use at 12-20% WOF
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  • Calcium Carbonate - Chalk - 16 oz - Wholesale
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    Calcium carbonate (chalk) is a dye additive used adjust the PH of the dye bath and modify the color of natural dyes. It is particularly useful in deepening the colors of natural dyes such as Logwwod, Madder and weld. Calcium carbonate can also be used to fix natural dyes mordanted with aluminum acetate or ferrous sulfate.

     

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  • Chestnut Extract - 16oz - Wholesale
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    CupidFallsFarm

    Chestnut Extract - 16oz - Wholesale

    $40.95

    Chestnut Extract - Chestnut trees grow in many parts of the world and contain a great source of tannin. They dye a warm brown colour. This dye is also well known for it’s ability to dye silk black with the addition of logwood and an iron mordant. Dyeing: 

    Mordanting: use alum mordant at 15% WOF for both protein and cellulose fibres (there is enough tannin in chestnut so mordanting with tannin may not required).

    Dyeing: Use extract on mordanted fiber at 5-10% WOF.

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    • Copper Sulfate Crystals - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Copper sulfate, when used as a mordant is similar to iron in darkening the dye colors but it is less harsh on the fibers. Copper sulfate is sometimes listed as copper sulphate or copper vitriol.

      Copper sulfate can be used on all fibers and usually improves the color fastness of plant dyes.

      Copper sulfate tends to make colors greener or browner in tone.

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    • Copper Sulfate Powder - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Copper sulfate, when used as a mordant is similar to iron in darkening the dye colors but it is less harsh on the fibers. Copper sulfate is sometimes listed as copper sulphate or copper vitriol.

      Copper sulfate can be used on all fibers and usually improves the color fastness of plant dyes.

      Copper sulfate tends to make colors greener or browner in tone.

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    • Cream of Tartar - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Cream of Tartar - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $13.00

      Cream of Tartar is the sediment produced in the process of making wine. It is an optional addition to the alum mordant bath and to some dye baths. It is used to soften wool, brighten shades, and point the color of some dyes – such as the fuchsia of cochineal to a true red. Cream of tartar works best with animal or protein fibers and is seldom used with plant or cellulose fibers. Use at 5-6% WOF

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    • Cutch Extract 16 oz - Wholesale
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      CupidFallsFarm

      Cutch Extract 16 oz - Wholesale

      $18.15

      Cutch Extract is produced by soaking the wood of the Acacia Catechu tree in hot water until a syrupy liquid emerges. It is then dries and ground into a fine powder. It ca be found throughout India, Burma, Indonesia and Peru. This extract is easily soluble in water.

      • Dye Amount: 20-50% WOF for a medium depth of shade
      • Color: brown, cinnamon, nutmeg and clove
      • Light fastness: Excellent
      • Wash fastness: Excelent
      • Mordant
        • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
        • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for cellulose fibers
        • Tannin mordant is not required. 
      • Dyeing
        • Dissolve the powdered cutch in boiling water and add it to dye bath.
        • Deeper colors can be achieved by first soaking the cutch extract in a weak mixture of caustic soda.
        • Add 1 tsp lye or sodium hydroxide to 1 gallon of water. Soak for 1 hour.
        • Add more water and neutralize with acetic acid or vinegar to pH7. Add this neutral solution to the dye bath.
        • Add fibers to the dye bath and simmer at low temperature for 2 hours.
        • Cutch does not easily exhaust and dyebaths can be used multiple times for lighter shades.
      • Variations
        • Alum mordant yields toffee browns.
        • The addition of iron at 2-4% WOF yields chocolate browns
        • Soda ash rinse will redden the cutch color.
        • Addition of 2% WOF hydrogen peroxide during the final 15 minutes of dyeing will darken cutch considerably.
        • Allowing the fiber to cool down and sit in the dye bath overnight will give the darkest shades.
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    • Glauber's Salt - 16oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Glauber's Salt - 16oz - Wholesale

      $4.80

      Glauber's salt (Sodium Sulfate) serves as a levelling agent by dispersing the dye evenly throughout the fiber. Also gives intensity to colors containing Turquoise and helps with washfastness.

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    • Ground Turmeric - 16oz - Wholesale
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      CupidFallsFarm

      Ground Turmeric - 16oz - Wholesale

      $14.70

      Turmeric is one of the easiest Dyes to work with. A great dye for beginners, it works especially well on animal or plant-based fibers such as silk, wool and cotton, and easily fixes itself to the material with or without a mordant, ranging from bright yellow with no mordant to dark green with an iron modifier. Another plus: it’s a dye that does not require heat – cold water works well for turmeric, and for darker and more orange shades, heat can be applied.

      Also known as Indian saffron, Turmeric has been used in Indian cuisine for thousands of years and is found in many foods as a food coloring.

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    • Guar Gum - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Guar Gum - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $10.80

      Gum Thickener for use with Acid, Disperse & Natural Dyes and as a thickener for discharge and resist printing. Use 50-80g per liter depending on viscosity required. Paste with methylated spirits before adding water, stir rapidly when water is added until paste thickens.
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    • Gum Arabic - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Gum Arabic - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $32.75

      Gum Arabic is a thickener and binder for many natural dyes, synthetic dyes, paints and pigments.

       

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    • Gum Tragacanth - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Gum Tragacanth - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $23.95

      A natural thickening agent (polysaccharide) obtained from the sap of the Astragalus. Gum tragacanth is excellent for thickening natural dyes for hand painting. It is also the best thickener for vat dyes.
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    • Gum Tragacanth - 1kg - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Gum Tragacanth - 1kg - Wholesale

      $51.80

      A natural thickening agent (polysaccharide) obtained from the sap of the Astragalus. Gum tragacanth is excellent for thickening natural dyes for hand painting. It is also the best thickener for vat dyes.
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    • Himalayan Rhubarb - 16oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Himalayan Rhubarb - 16oz - Wholesale

      $52.25

      Himalayan rhubarb is a conventional natural dye used for textile. It makes bright yellow colour and obtains an odoriferous property.

      This dye is manufactured from the dried rhizome and roots of a Rheum Emodi. Dye is extracted in an aqueous medium from dry powdered materials. The dye gives golden yellow shades.

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    • Iron Sulfate - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Iron Sulfate - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $5.75

      Iron can be used as a modifier or a mordant. It can be used on all fibers and makes colors darker in tone. It also increases lightfastness and washfastness of the dyed project. 

      This iron powder is light green and food grade. Too much iron can harshen the hand of protein (silk, wool) fibers, so use sparingly.

      iron Sulfate may also be used as the reducing agent in a traditional indigo fermentation vat, often called the “Copperas” vat. 

      It is also possible to create an iron acetate mordant by combining iron and acetic acid. 

      Keep out of reach of children.
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    • Kamala - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Kamala - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $17.65

      Kamala is a powdery substance obtained from the fruit of Mallotus philippinensis, a small evergreen that is also known as the monkey-face tree (because monkeys are said to rub their faces in the fruit). Kamala is found throughout tropical India. Kamala dye is very similar in behavior and color to annatto. Kamala dyes golden yellows to tangerines with moderate lightfastness on cotton.  Lightly deeper shades are obtained on protein fibres. When iron is added deep moss green is obtained. Over or under dyed with indigo produces forest greens. 

      Mordanting: use alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibres. For cellulose mordant with tannin at 8% WOF and then alum at 15%, or alum acetate at 8%.

      Dyeing: Kamala is not very soluble in water, so it is necessary to extract the colourant before dyeing. To extract with alcohol, soak the powder with twice its volume of isopropyl or ethyl alcohol. Let stand for 2 hours stirring occasionally. Add the alcohol/kamala mixture to the dyebath. 

      To extract with soda ash, mix the Kamala powder with half of its weight of soda ash in twice its volume of water. Let stand  stirring occasionally. Add the entire mixture to the dyebath.  After dyeing rinse first with a vinegar solution and then thoroughly with water. Kamala dyes a beautiful orange yellow on silk and wool. It dyes lighter yellow shades on cotton.

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    • Lac Extract - 16oz - Wholesale
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      CupidFallsFarm

      Lac Extract - 16oz - Wholesale

      $72.00

      Lac Extract  –  a red dye extract from the scale insect Laccifer lacca and can found throughout India, south east Asia, Nepal and south China. It is harvested from both wild and cultivated means. The female lac insects invade host trees and secretes a resin that contains the red dye. The resin is harvested and taken off the branches and is known as stick lac. The resin contains both shellac and dye. The dye is extracted from the resin and the remaining shellac is further refined into other products. The colors are similar to cochineal but softer and warmer in appearance.

      • Dye Amount: 5-8% WOF
      • Color: crimsons, burgundy reds and deep purples
      • Light fastness: High
      • Wash fastness: High
      • Mordant
        • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
        • Alum mordant at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers
        • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF
      • Dyeing: Dissolve extract in water and simmer with fiber for 45-60  minutes. For the richest colors, leave the dye pot to soak over night. Lac dye is very sensitive to change in pH and develops to its fullest color potential with the addition of cream of tartar at 6% WOF. For plum purples, add an alkali such as cream of tarter. For blackened purples, add ferrous sulfate.
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    • Logwood Purple Extract - 16oz - Wholesale
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       Logwood is derived from the heartwood of the logwood tree (Haematoxylon campechianum). It yields deep rich red purples to orchid blues depending on concentration and type of mordants used. Logwwod has been use a dye source since the 16th century. The logwwod tree is native to mexico, central america and portions of South America and India. Deep blacks can be obtained with the use of ferrous sulfate. Logwood develops best in a hard water dye bath. 

      • Dye Amount: 0.1-1% WOF Extract, 15-20% WOF chips
      • Color: Purple and purple shades, grey and black
      • Light fastness: moderate (dramatically improved with use of iron)
      • Wash fastness: good
      • Mordant
        • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
        • Alum mordant at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers
        • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF
      • Dyeing:
        • Chips: Cover the chips with boiling water and let soak overnight. Remove the chips, add addition water to cover fiber and simmer at around 170 degrees but not more than 180 degrees for an hour. For Rich colors, leave the fibers to soak overnight.
        • Extract: Mix the extract in a small container of hot but not boiling water. Once thoroughly mixed, add to the dye bath and simmer for 45 minutes. For rich colors, allow the dye bath to cool overnight.
      • Color Variations
        • Purple-Navy: add 6% WOF of cream of tarter.
        • GreyGreens: Add osage orange or fustic
        • Purples: Add cochineal
        • Browns: Add cutch
        • Navy: dip in indigo bath
        • Greys and black: add ferrous sulfate
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    • Madder - Rubia Cordifolia - Powder - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Madder – Rubia tinctorium, Rubia cordifolia, and Morinda citrifolia is an ancient dye that dates back to 3000BC. It is most frequently used to produce turkey reds, mulberry, orange-red, terracotta, and in combination with other dyes and dyeing procedures can yield crimson, purple, rust, browns, and near black. The primary dye component is alizarin, which is found in the roots of several plants and trees. Madder is cultivated and grows wild throughout India, south east Asia, Turkey, Europe, south China, parts of Africa, Australia and Japan. Madder is a complex dyestuff containing over 20 individual chemical substances. Alizarin is the most important of these because it gives the famous warm Turkey red color. Also present in this wonderful plant is munjistin, purpurin, and a multitude of yellows and browns. Madder is dyed at 35-100% WOF for a medium depth of shade.

      • Dye Amount: 35-100% WOF
      • Color: Cranberry to Garnett
      • Light fastness: High
      • Wash fastness: High
      • Mordant
        • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
        • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers.
      • Dyeing: Madder develops to its deepest and richest reds in hard water – water containing calcium and magnesium salts is ideal. If the water is soft add calcium carbonate (a single Tum’s tablet to 4 litres of water works well). Add dye material to dye pot and cover with water. Bring up to about 60ºC (140ºF) and hold for an hour. Add fibres and continue cooking for another 1-2 hours. For clear reds do not let the temperature go above 72ºC (160ºF). At higher temperatures the browns of the madder plant come out and dull the colour. The madder dyebath can be reused two or three times for lighter shades

        Because of the different dye components present in the madder plant, the dyer can coax many colors out and onto the cloth by manipulating the mordanting process, the pH, the temperature, and the dye process. There are hundreds of madder recipes used historically that are intriguing to try including one from Turkey which brings out the purpurin from madder and gives a purple.

        Madder, in combination with cochineal yields a true red, with iron yields garnet, bright orange with alum and cream of tartar, brick red with alum mordant and a higher heat, the addition of acetic acid or vinegar plus iron will push the color to a rich brownish-purple.

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    • Madder - Rubia Tinctorium - Powder - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Madder – Rubia tinctorium, Rubia cordifolia, and Morinda citrifolia is an ancient dye that dates back to 3000BC. It is most frequently used to produce turkey reds, mulberry, orange-red, terracotta, and in combination with other dyes and dyeing procedures can yield crimson, purple, rust, browns, and near black. The primary dye component is alizarin, which is found in the roots of several plants and trees. Madder is cultivated and grows wild throughout India, south east Asia, Turkey, Europe, south China, parts of Africa, Australia and Japan. Madder is a complex dyestuff containing over 20 individual chemical substances. Alizarin is the most important of these because it gives the famous warm Turkey red color. Also present in this wonderful plant is munjistin, purpurin, and a multitude of yellows and browns. Madder is dyed at 35-100% WOF for a medium depth of shade.

      • Dye Amount: 35-100% WOF
      • Color: Cranberry to Garnett
      • Light fastness: High
      • Wash fastness: High
      • Mordant
        • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
        • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers.
      • Dyeing: Madder develops to its deepest and richest reds in hard water – water containing calcium and magnesium salts is ideal. If the water is soft add calcium carbonate (a single Tum’s tablet to 4 litres of water works well). Add dye material to dye pot and cover with water. Bring up to about 60ºC (140ºF) and hold for an hour. Add fibres and continue cooking for another 1-2 hours. For clear reds do not let the temperature go above 72ºC (160ºF). At higher temperatures the browns of the madder plant come out and dull the colour. The madder dyebath can be reused two or three times for lighter shades

        Because of the different dye components present in the madder plant, the dyer can coax many colors out and onto the cloth by manipulating the mordanting process, the pH, the temperature, and the dye process. There are hundreds of madder recipes used historically that are intriguing to try including one from Turkey which brings out the purpurin from madder and gives a purple.

        Madder, in combination with cochineal yields a true red, with iron yields garnet, bright orange with alum and cream of tartar, brick red with alum mordant and a higher heat, the addition of acetic acid or vinegar plus iron will push the color to a rich brownish-purple.

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    • Madder Root - Chopped - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Madder Root - Chopped - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $17.25

      Madder – Rubia tinctorium, Rubia cordifolia, and Morinda citrifolia is an ancient dye that dates back to 3000BC. It is most frequently used to produce turkey reds, mulberry, orange-red, terracotta, and in combination with other dyes and dyeing procedures can yield crimson, purple, rust, browns, and near black. The primary dye component is alizarin, which is found in the roots of several plants and trees. Madder is cultivated and grows wild throughout India, south east Asia, Turkey, Europe, south China, parts of Africa, Australia and Japan. Madder is a complex dyestuff containing over 20 individual chemical substances. Alizarin is the most important of these because it gives the famous warm Turkey red color. Also present in this wonderful plant is munjistin, purpurin, and a multitude of yellows and browns. Madder is dyed at 35-100% WOF for a medium depth of shade.

      • Dye Amount: 35-100% WOF
      • Color: Cranberry to Garnett
      • Light fastness: High
      • Wash fastness: High
      • Mordant
        • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
        • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers.
      • Dyeing: Madder develops to its deepest and richest reds in hard water – water containing calcium and magnesium salts is ideal. If the water is soft add calcium carbonate (a single Tum’s tablet to 4 litres of water works well). Add dye material to dye pot and cover with water. Bring up to about 60ºC (140ºF) and hold for an hour. Add fibres and continue cooking for another 1-2 hours. For clear reds do not let the temperature go above 72ºC (160ºF). At higher temperatures the browns of the madder plant come out and dull the colour. The madder dyebath can be reused two or three times for lighter shades

        Because of the different dye components present in the madder plant, the dyer can coax many colors out and onto the cloth by manipulating the mordanting process, the pH, the temperature, and the dye process. There are hundreds of madder recipes used historically that are intriguing to try including one from Turkey which brings out the purpurin from madder and gives a purple.

        Madder, in combination with cochineal yields a true red, with iron yields garnet, bright orange with alum and cream of tartar, brick red with alum mordant and a higher heat, the addition of acetic acid or vinegar plus iron will push the color to a rich brownish-purple.

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    • Myrobalan - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Myrobalan - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $14.65

      Myrobalan is made from the ground nuts of the Terminalia chebula tree which grows in south China, Sri Lanka, Burma, Nepal and Thailand. Myrobalan can be used both as a dye and a mordant. As a dye, Myrobalan has a light buttery yellow. It is also high in tannin which makes it a good chose to mordant cellulose fibers.

      • Dye
        • Amount: 20-30% WOF
        • Color: Soft buttery yellow
        • A single dip in indigo will result in teal
      • Mordant
        • Myrobalan at 15-20% WOF followed by Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein and cellulose fibers
      • Dyeing
        • Add myrobalan powder to the dye or mordant bath, bring bath up to 55ºC (130ºF) and then add fiber. Continue heating bath to a high simmer (approximately 83ºC (180ºF)) hold for one hour. Adding iron (2-4% WOF) to the bath will produce soft lichen greens to deep grey-greens.
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    • Oak Gall - 16 oz - Wholesale
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      Cupid Falls Farm

      Oak Gall - 16 oz - Wholesale

      $41.30

      Gallnut or Oak Gall is used to mordant cellulose fibers and fabrics before the alum mordant is used. Alum does not combine as readily with cellulose fibers as it does with protein fibers.

      Tannin has a great affinity with cellulose fiber and once mordanted with tannin, alum combines well with the tannin-fiber complex.

      Gallnuts from the oak tree are the earliest and richest source for natural tannin. They are produced by insects who deposit their eggs in small punctures they make on young branches. As a protection, the tree excretes a tannin rich substance that hardens and forms into a gallnut. These are collected and ground for use as a tannin mordant.

      Gallnuts are used in the leather tanning industry, and for in some medicines.

      Use at 6-8% WOF.
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