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Natural Dye

  • Cutch Extract 1oz
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    CupidFallsFarm

    Cutch Extract 1oz

    $2.95

    Cutch Extract is produced by soaking the wood of the Acacia Catechu tree in hot water until a syrupy liquid emerges. It is then dries and ground into a fine powder. It ca be found throughout India, Burma, Indonesia and Peru. This extract is easily soluble in water.

    • Dye Amount: 20-50% WOF for a medium depth of shade
    • Color: brown, cinnamon, nutmeg and clove
    • Light fastness: Excellent
    • Wash fastness: Excelent
    • Mordant
      • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
      • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for cellulose fibers
      • Tannin mordant is not required. 
    • Dyeing
      • Dissolve the powdered cutch in boiling water and add it to dye bath.
      • Deeper colors can be achieved by first soaking the cutch extract in a weak mixture of caustic soda.
      • Add 1 tsp lye or sodium hydroxide to 1 gallon of water. Soak for 1 hour.
      • Add more water and neutralize with acetic acid or vinegar to pH7. Add this neutral solution to the dye bath.
      • Add fibers to the dye bath and simmer at low temperature for 2 hours.
      • Cutch does not easily exhaust and dyebaths can be used multiple times for lighter shades.
    • Variations
      • Alum mordant yields toffee browns.
      • The addition of iron at 2-4% WOF yields chocolate browns
      • Soda ash rinse will redden the cutch color.
      • Addition of 2% WOF hydrogen peroxide during the final 15 minutes of dyeing will darken cutch considerably.
      • Allowing the fiber to cool down and sit in the dye bath overnight will give the darkest shades.
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  • Lac Extract 1oz
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    Lac Extract 1oz

    $7.50

    Lac Extract  –  a red dye extract from the scale insect Laccifer lacca and can found throughout India, south east Asia, Nepal and south China. It is harvested from both wild and cultivated means. The female lac insects invade host trees and secretes a resin that contains the red dye. The resin is harvested and taken off the branches and is known as stick lac. The resin contains both shellac and dye. The dye is extracted from the resin and the remaining shellac is further refined into other products. The colors are similar to cochineal but softer and warmer in appearance.

    • Dye Amount: 5-8% WOF
    • Color: crimsons, burgundy reds and deep purples
    • Light fastness: High
    • Wash fastness: High
    • Mordant
      • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
      • Alum mordant at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers
      • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF
    • Dyeing: Dissolve extract in water and simmer with fiber for 45-60  minutes. For the richest colors, leave the dye pot to soak over night. Lac dye is very sensitive to change in pH and develops to its fullest color potential with the addition of cream of tartar at 6% WOF. For plum purples, add an alkali such as cream of tarter. For blackened purples, add ferrous sulfate.
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  • Osage Extract 1oz
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    Osage Extract 1oz

    $4.90

    Consists of the wood from the osage-orange tree(Maclura pomifera). Osage contains a yellow dye similar to fustic and black oak and yields clear, true yellows to soft yellow greens. Osage grows throughout the south and central United States. 

    • Dye Amount: 2-5% WOF Extract, 20-30% WOF chips or saw dust
    • Color: True to soft yellows
    • Light fastness: Excellent
    • Wash fastness: Excellent
    • Mordant
      • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
      • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF
    • Dyeing:
      • Chips or saw dust: Cover the chips or saw dust with boiling water and let soak overnight. Remove the chips/dust, add addition water to cover fiber and simmer at around 170 degrees but not more than 180 degrees for an hour. For Rich colors, leave the fibers to soak overnight.
      • Extract: Mix the extract in a small container of hot but not boiling water. Once thoroughly mixed, add to the dye bath and simmer for 45 minutes. For rich colors, allow the dye bath to cool overnight.
    • Color Variations
      • Brightened Yellows: add copper to the dye bath or dye in a copper pot
      • Olive Green: Add 2-4% ferrous sulfate
      • Emerald Green or Leaf green: Over dye or under Dye in indigo
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  • Pomegranate Extract
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    Pomegranate Extract

    $3.80

    Pomegranate extract and powder comes from the rinds of pomegranates Punica granatum. It is high in tannin and improves the light and washfastness of any dye with which it is mixed. It can be used as both a dye and a mordant. The age of the fruit affects the color of the dye: the less ripe the fruit, the greener the yellow. 

    • Dye Amount: 5-8% WOF Extract, 15-20% WOF Powder
    • Color:Soft yellows to green-yellows
    • Light fastness: n/a
    • Wash fastness: n/a
    • Mordant
      • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
      • Alum mordant at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers
    • Dyeing:
      • Add extract or powder to a small container. Add hot water and mix thoroughly until all the dye material has dissolved or dispersed into the water. Add mixture to dye pot with fiber and enough water to cover the fiber being dyed. Simmer for approximately 1 hour. For best results, let the dye bath cool overnight.
    • Color Variations
      • Cement grey: Add ferrous sulfate
      • Moss green: Add ferrous sulfate
      • Brightened Yellows: Add turmeric. Also increases lightfastness
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  • Logwood Purple Extract 1oz
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    Logwood Purple Extract 1oz

    $12.50

     Logwood is derived from the heartwood of the logwood tree (Haematoxylon campechianum). It yields deep rich red purples to orchid blues depending on concentration and type of mordants used. Logwwod has been use a dye source since the 16th century. The logwwod tree is native to mexico, central america and portions of South America and India. Deep blacks can be obtained with the use of ferrous sulfate. Logwood develops best in a hard water dye bath. 

    • Dye Amount: 0.1-1% WOF Extract, 15-20% WOF chips
    • Color: Purple and purple shades, grey and black
    • Light fastness: moderate (dramatically improved with use of iron)
    • Wash fastness: good
    • Mordant
      • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
      • Alum mordant at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers
      • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF
    • Dyeing:
      • Chips: Cover the chips with boiling water and let soak overnight. Remove the chips, add addition water to cover fiber and simmer at around 170 degrees but not more than 180 degrees for an hour. For Rich colors, leave the fibers to soak overnight.
      • Extract: Mix the extract in a small container of hot but not boiling water. Once thoroughly mixed, add to the dye bath and simmer for 45 minutes. For rich colors, allow the dye bath to cool overnight.
    • Color Variations
      • Purple-Navy: add 6% WOF of cream of tarter.
      • GreyGreens: Add osage orange or fustic
      • Purples: Add cochineal
      • Browns: Add cutch
      • Navy: dip in indigo bath
      • Greys and black: add ferrous sulfate
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  • Spirulina
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    Spirulina

    $3.00

    Spirulina - Super food, soap dye and natural fabric dye.

    Spirulina is a non-toxic blue-green algae. It is the richest source of protein, vitamins, minerals, beta carotene, antioxidants & other nutrients missing in your diet

    This spirulina is a blue-green algae that is grown in open-channel, shallow, man-made raceway ponds. Paddle wheels move the water to accelerate growth while growers continually add clean, fresh water and nutrients to the ponds to keep the spirulina thriving. When ready, the spirulina is harvested with filters, washed in fresh water, and then dried by spray drying machines. This spirulina is non-irradiated and non-GMO.

    Spirulina is a wonderful natural soap colorant that will give your product a light to dark bluish green hue. Spirulina soap making is a ton of fun and will produce absolutely gorgeous naturally colored bars of soap. 

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  • Ground Turmeric
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    Ground Turmeric

    $2.50

    Turmeric is one of the easiest Dyes to work with. A great dye for beginners, it works especially well on animal or plant-based fibers such as silk, wool and cotton, and easily fixes itself to the material with or without a mordant, ranging from bright yellow with no mordant to dark green with an iron modifier. Another plus: it’s a dye that does not require heat – cold water works well for turmeric, and for darker and more orange shades, heat can be applied.

    Also known as Indian saffron, Turmeric has been used in Indian cuisine for thousands of years and is found in many foods as a food coloring.

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  • Osage Extract 2oz
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    Osage Extract 2oz

    $8.70

    Consists of the wood from the osage-orange tree(Maclura pomifera). Osage contains a yellow dye similar to fustic and black oak and yields clear, true yellows to soft yellow greens. Osage grows throughout the south and central United States. 

    • Dye Amount: 2-5% WOF Extract, 20-30% WOF chips or saw dust
    • Color: True to soft yellows
    • Light fastness: Excellent
    • Wash fastness: Excellent
    • Mordant
      • Alum mordant at 15% WOF for protein fibers
      • Tannin mordant at 8% WOF for cellulose fibers and then alum at 15% WOF, or alum acetate at 8% WOF
    • Dyeing:
      • Chips or saw dust: Cover the chips or saw dust with boiling water and let soak overnight. Remove the chips/dust, add addition water to cover fiber and simmer at around 170 degrees but not more than 180 degrees for an hour. For Rich colors, leave the fibers to soak overnight.
      • Extract: Mix the extract in a small container of hot but not boiling water. Once thoroughly mixed, add to the dye bath and simmer for 45 minutes. For rich colors, allow the dye bath to cool overnight.
    • Color Variations
      • Brightened Yellows: add copper to the dye bath or dye in a copper pot
      • Olive Green: Add 2-4% ferrous sulfate
      • Emerald Green or Leaf green: Over dye or under Dye in indigo
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